Caerlaverock is a castle in the Dumfries and Galloway area of Scotland. The earliest record of this site dates back to 1150, and it was given to John de Moreville by Alexander II.
In 1296 Caerlaverock Castle was seized by King Edward I of England. The English army spent two days stripping everything they could from the castle before they destroyed it.
The de Moreville family built Caerlaverock into a formidable fortress during the Middle Ages, which was besieged on many occasions from its establishment until it fell in 1640. It has been described as “Scotland’s most elegant castle”, with an architectural style that represents the pinnacle of late medieval military design.
In 1983, Caerlaverck Castle became part of a national park known as Nithsdale Forest Park. In 1986, it was inscribed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its role in representing the transition between medieval and Renaissance eras, with the construction of bastioned fortifications.
The castle is now owned by The National Trust for Scotland, hosts events and is open to visitors year-round.
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